Adult orthodontics? - These misalignments can be repaired with dental splints
Misaligned teeth are a very annoying topic. Of course, the first priority is the health of the teeth themselves, but on the other hand it is also about personal well-being in terms of outer appearance. The main danger of misalignments is that the teeth in the dentition no longer fit perfectly with their respective counterparts in the other jaw. This means that biting can cause severe pain as well as serious damage to teeth and jaws.
Socially, it can also be observed that many people have prejudices against people with uneven teeth. They associate "crooked" teeth, but also discoloration of the teeth, usually with careless oral hygiene, which is repulsive to many people.
The good news first: almost all tooth misalignments can be repaired with the help of transparent dental splints. Unfortunately, and this is the bad news, this also depends on the degree of the misalignment. If the degree of misalignment is too severe, one should rather rely on dental or orthodontic treatment.
What types of misalignments are there?
The first type of misalignment is the so-called prognathism, also known as overbite. Prognathism is when the upper jaw extends beyond the lower jaw. This is particularly evident in the distance between the respective incisors. There are two types of prognathism: On the one hand, the maxillary, where the upper jaw has grown too large, and on the other hand the mandibular, where the lower jaw is too small.
Another type of tooth misalignment is basically the opposite of prognathism, namely progeny, also known as underbite. Here, the lower jaw extends in front of the upper jaw when the mouth is closed; this can equally be recognized by the distance between the incisors.
Also possible is the so called dental prolapse, also known as hyperdontia. This is a lack of space in the dentition where the crowded teeth are pressed against each other. There can be various reasons for this; the most common reason is that the affected person develops relatively large teeth with relatively small jaw bones. This causes a lack of space in the dentition, which can have a very negative effect on general dental health.
Another type of misalignment of teeth is the so-called open bite. Here, at least between the incisors, if not also between other teeth in the dentition, an unclosable gap develops when biting or closing the jaws.
What are the dangers of misaligned teeth?
The dangers of misaligned teeth are generally quite diverse. For example, an infection of the respiratory tract can occur, as one often breathes unconsciously through the mouth. The stability of the teeth themselves can also suffer from misalignment if they are pressed against each other too strongly. Parts of the teeth can break off or accumulations of caries can form because the toothbrush can no longer reach all parts of the teeth.
Other potential consequences of misaligned teeth include headaches and jaw joint pain. These are caused by the fact that the human jaw muscles are among the strongest in the whole body and the teeth are pressed against each other with great pressure. This problem is even more severe when teeth are grinded unconsciously at night, which usually occurs during sleep.
How can misaligned teeth be treated?
As a rule, misaligned teeth can be corrected with transparent splints, as mentioned above. To do this, you only have to make an impression of your teeth or have one made, on the basis of which a 3D model of the teeth is created. On the basis of the model, various splints are produced to straighten the teeth gradually.
It should be mentioned that a potential treatment with splints should always be checked and recommended by a specialist first. This doctor can best evaluate whether the treatment is worth considering.
However, there is an argument in favour of this treatment because it is a more cost-effective way of correcting misaligned teeth. Although health insurance usually does not cover the costs here, this is also the case for the much more expensive surgical operations. The reason for this is that health insurance companies almost always regard such measures as beauty enhancements and not as serious health measures.
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